River Birch

River Birch

Betula nigra

Featured Plant Category: Rain Gardens

Height: 40 to 70'

Container Size: 1 Gallon

Bloom Time: April to May

Bloom Color: Green

Soil Moisture: Moist to medium

Soil Type: Prefers acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils.

Light Requirements: Part shade to shade

Hardiness Zone: 4,5,6,7,8,9

Other Names: black birch, water birch

Add to Cart


In stock


Keystone Value: The Betula (Birch) genus supports over 400 species of butterfly and moth caterpillars, providing food for a variety of birds and mammals.

River Birch is an attractive, vigorous, moisture-loving tree. Tolerating heat better than other birch species, its range extends all the way to northern Florida. While it prefers a damp environment, it can grow on higher land as well. It is often selected as an ornamental tree in the landscape for its beautiful exfoliating bark and multi-stemmed trunk. Many species of birds use it to nest and as a food source. Native Americans boiled sap from the tree to use like maple syrup, but in more recent times it was used to make birch beer.

River Birch brings exceptional wildlife value to the landscape – it hosts hundreds of species of caterpillars and moths, such as the Mourning Cloak Butterfly and the majestic Luna Moth (both pictured above). Birds will feed on the seeds of the birch tree as well as various caterpillars. Woodpeckers and Nuthatches will search the loose bark for insects. Planting river birch trees would most certainly be a helpful service to nature.


Additional information


40 to 70'

Container Size

1 Gallon

Bloom Time

April to May

Bloom Color


Soil Moisture

Moist to medium

Soil Type

Prefers acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils.

Light Requirements

Part shade to shade

Hardiness Zone


Other Names

black birch, water birch

Shipping Information

Plant Shipping Carton

At Direct Native Plants, we take many precautions to make sure your plants will arrive in the best condition possible.

Our perennials are grown in a 4” quart-sized pot. These plants are then cut back to fit our packaging, placed in a protective clamshell container (made from recycled materials), and then shipped to you in a cardboard box.

Trees and shrubs are grown in a 7” tall container (referred to as a 1-gallon pot), and depending on the species will be between 12” and 36”. We bag the root section of these plants to prevent them from drying out in transit and ship them in a tall cardboard box. PLEASE NOTE: These boxes can be shipped in bundles up to 6. After that we start a new package, so keep this in mind if you’re trying to get the best shipping rates.

Direct Native Plants supports the United States Postal Service, so your plants will ship via USPS Priority Mail. Orders ship out Monday through Wednesday of each week, and depending on how close you are to our nursery in Maryland, shipping will take anywhere from 1-4 business days.

Healthy Plant Shipping